In order to be effective as a leader in the business world, it will be important to understand the different types and styles of leadership and how they impact those who fall under your leadership. By being aware of the different types of leadership that hold value in the world place, you will be able to take an assessment of yourself to determine which model best suits you. Some people fall into multiple categories, but there is usually one style that will stand out more than the others. What I have done is compiled a list of five types of leadership that are modeled in the workplace. Each of these models is effective for different reasons.
All models are not suitable for all leaders and they will not work well with every type of employee. Sometimes being effective as a leader will require you to adapt to meet the current need and you may have to use different techniques with different employees.
1. Autocratic Leadership
Autocratic leadership is a form of leadership based on control and force. It is rare that you find an autocratic leader that is well-liked among those they are responsible for leading. This type of leader is more prone to being a micromanager and them skills and techniques work best with workers who need to be micromanaged. The autocrat tends to give orders instead of making suggestions. Where this type of leadership style works best in production style environment like sales. When an autocrat gives orders they expect them to be carried out immediately. They tend to push their employees extremely hard and they are not tolerant of excuses.
2. Laissez-Faire Leadership
Laissez-Faire is a French term that basically means do as you will or choose to do. This type of style of leadership entrusts the responsibility of performing to the people who are doing the job. It is the opposite of micromanagement. This style is highly beneficial in environments that require high levels of creativity. The challenge with this is that if the employees lack discipline and structure, the entire environment will be undisciplined. This type of leadership does not necessarily work well in a hardline environment that has deadlines and quotas.
3. Transformative Leadership
The transformative leader is straightforward in their approach. The reward the workers who perform at or above the expected level of performance and they discipline those who fall below what is expected of them. While this style is not as harsh and rigid as the autocratic approach, it does punish poor performance. It is much more likely that the Transformative Leader will have employees that actually like them. The transformative leader focuses on the use of proven processes and techniques to get the most of the employees. The bottom line for the transformative leader is results. If the employees are producing the desired result, everything will roll smoothly.
4. Participant Hands-On Leadership
There are many people who will tell you that the best leaders fall into this category. People like to see leaders who are willing to what they are demanding of others. It is hard not to respect a person that is grinding and working just as hard as you. This type of leader usually finds it easy to build trust with their employees. Hands-on leaders usually create an environment where the lines of communication remain open. Employees generally feel confident that they speak honestly about any concerns that they have, and because the leader is in the trenches with them, they will be able to easier understand the concern. One setback is that the lines between leaders and their subordinates can be blurred and that can create problems. The process can be slow with this type of model because of all of the added input.
5. Transactional Leadership
This is another straightforward style of leadership. The focus is on the work and the quality of the work. The results-driven approach is anchored by a reward system. One of the differences between transactional leaders and transformative leaders is that the former tends to lack the hype and charisma of a transformative leader. The orientation is focused on producing measurable results and rewarding the producers. There is a simple transaction at the core of his type of leadership: Do it right and get rewarded. Do it wrong and receive punitive correction. Transactional leaders leave little room for interpretation of what has to be done, even up to creating scripts for sale pitches.