Superheroes came into existence in the 1930s. In particular, it is worth mentioning Superman, who proved to be so popular that the character convinced a host of publishers to create their own superheroes. One excellent example was Martin Goodman's Timely Comics, which was the initial name of Marvel Comics.
Timely Comics introduced a number of superheroes in that earliest period, with the best-known of them being Captain America. However, that came to a conclusion in with the cancellation of its last superhero titles in 1950 that can be explained by superheroes' loss of popularity in the late 1940s. Instead, Timely Comics' output focused for a time on other genres such as humor, horror, war, and westerns even when it started operating under the name of Atlas Comics in 1951. Those were not the best of times for the comic book publisher. In fact, it has been said that the main reason that it survived the period was because it could put out passable work in a fast, cheap manner, which wasn't exactly the highest of praises.
In 1956, DC Comics started up the Silver Age of Comics by reintroducing superhero comics. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Marvel Comics followed suit by reintroducing superhero comics of its own. However, it managed to stand out by presenting its characters with more characterization as well as more focus on more serious issues, thus enabling it to better appeal to older readers. As such, Marvel Comics went on to become one of the two most important names in the U.S. comic books industry. It ran into some serious trouble in the 1990s because of a general slump in sales as well as some bad choices on the part of its senior management, but it managed to survive with some outside assistance.
Purchase by Disney
By the late 1990s, Marvel Comics started putting serious effort into offering a wider range of products for a wider range of consumers. On top of that, it put a considerable amount of resources into bringing its characters to the movie screen, thus making the Marvel Cinematic Universe possible. Combined, these changes made Marvel Comics a very attractive purchase for the Walt Disney Company, with the result that it is now a valued part of that entertainment and mass media conglomerate.
How Has the Marvel Logo Changed Over Time?
The first version of the Marvel logo was the Timely Comics logo. For those who are curious, this consisted of a shield that bore a fair amount of resemblance to Captain America's initial shield, which is notable because said character was one of the comic book publisher's most notable successes. Shape-wise, the Timely Comics logo resembled the heater shields that were used both on foot and on horse in medieval Europe but were rendered obsolete when plate armor became more and more common.
However, its top featured three points rather than the straight line that was much more common for such shields. Color-wise, the shield used blue and white for the most part but incorporated a small touch of red. To be exact, its top half showed "Timely Comics" in white letters on a background of solid blue while its bottom half consisted of stripes that alternated between white and blue. The red can be found in a solid rectangle over the stripes that shows "Inc." in white letters.
Timely Comics Logo
Later, when Timely Comics became Atlas Comics, the Timely Comics logo was swapped out for the Atlas Comics logo, which consisted of a banner showing "Atlas" wrapped around a globe. It is unclear whether this was meant as a reference to the term for a collection of maps. However, it matters little because atlases were named in honor of the mythological figure.
For those who are unfamiliar, Greek mythology says that Zeus and his siblings came to power by overthrowing their predecessors called the Titans. One of these Titans was Atlas, who was punished by being forced to hold up the sky upon his shoulders. Over time, people confused the image of him holding up the celestial sphere for him holding up the terrestrial globe, which is why his name started being used for collections of terrestrial maps.
Settling on the Logo
It took some time for Marvel Comics to settle upon the Marvel Comics logo that sees use in the present time. In fact, it is interesting to note that the first version of the Marvel Comics logo started seeing use before Marvel Comics had become Marvel Comics. Said version consisted of "Marvel Comics" in white letters within a black circle on a red background, with the sole point of embellishment being the inclusion of a golden wheat leaf. Later, the early 1960s saw an even simpler version that consisted of "MC" printed over one another, which was rather forgettable but nonetheless managed to stand out because some of the comic books from that period bore nothing but "MARVEL Comics Group" in black letters instead.
In the 1970s and 1980s, "Marvel" and "Marvel Comics Group" continued to see use in various sizes and various fonts, but for the most part, managed to remain more or less the same. This changed in the early 1990s when the Marvel Comics logo took on a more interesting form. The "Marvel" was now rendered in red letters outlined in black that flowed down into a giant "M" in the same colors. Meanwhile, the "Comics" was now rendered in a much quirkier font at a diagonal angle over the giant "M," thus making for a more playful feel.
New Logo in the early 2000s
Eventually, Marvel Comics introduced a new logo for the Ultimate Marvel imprint in the early 2000s, which can be summed up as "Marvel" in white letters within a red box. As such, the new logo was very simple. However, it nonetheless managed to make a splash, so much so that Marvel Comics started using it for the rest of its comic books as well. Moreover, this version of the Marvel Comics logo saw use in the earlier Marvel Cinematic Universe movies, which made it recognizable to an even wider range of people than ever before. Time will tell how long this particular version will continue to see use, but as Marvel Comics continued to reinvent itself, it seems reasonable to speculate that this version will also be replaced by something newer at some point in the times still to come.
The Marvel logo is a representation of many powerful Marvel characters and will continue to signify something loved by many: Marvel comics.
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Written by Allen Lee
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